Colds are a common infectious disease in infants and little kids because of their weak immune system. Even when children are well cared for diet and sleep well, they cannot completely avoid getting sick.
The main cause of the common cold is the rhino virus (derived from “rhin” in Greek for nose). This virus binds to airborne water, so it is easily inhaled. More than 100 different rhino viruses can penetrate the mucous membranes of the nose and throat, stimulate an immune response that causes swelling of the throat, headache and shortness of breath.
Treating the common cold in young children involves taking steps to relieve symptoms, such as providing plenty of water and moisturizing the air. Infants should see a doctor when they have the first sign of a common cold, because they are at risk of complications such as bronchitis or pneumonia.
Where is the cold from?
Colds can proceed from an upper respiratory tract infection (nose, mouth and throat), caused by a variety of viruses. It is very easy to catch a cold because your baby’s immune system is improving.
Your baby may be infected with a cold from others (who cough, sneeze a cold virus into the air, causes the baby to inhale). The disease can also be transmitted by hand contact. Therefore, adults should always cover their mouth when coughing near their baby or wash their hands after blowing their nose.
The first symptoms when a child gets a cold are: a sore throat, runny nose, a sniffle and a sneeze. Gradually, the baby will swell throat, cough, mild fever and start to anorexia. At that time, the baby’s snivel will change from liquid to dense and yellow or green
How long does the cold last?
Symptoms of colds usually appear 2-3 days after the child is exposed to the source of infection. Kids are most likely to spread the disease during the first 3-4 days, then fade down in the next 3-4 weeks.
However, most kids can eliminate the cold in only one week.
How to care when your child has a cold?
- Adjust your baby’s diet
Usually, children need about 7 days to recover from a cold. At this time children should eat unsalted, easy-to-digest food. The mother should give him/her high protein foods such as chicken eggs, legume products. Babies need to eat more vegetables and fruits to supplement the vitamins necessary for the body.
Mother should also give her a lot of water, temporarily not to eat food such as meat, fish, shrimp and cold meat.
To infants: Most babies breathe through the nose, so when having stuffy nose, the baby will have difficulty breathing, especially when they are breastfeeding. Mom should divide the feeds per day to avoid suffocation. When breast-feeding, place your baby’s head high for better comfort.
- Improve the baby’s respiratory system
Before your baby sleeps, use a warm towel to wipe the nose of the baby, feed him/her warm milk. The heat can temporarily relieve nose congestion and make your baby feel more comfortable. Your baby might fight sleep in this period of time.
Mom should let him/her lie down on one side. This posture can help relieve the pressure on one side of the nostril, helping the baby’s nasal passages to become more obstructive. At the same time, mother should pat baby’s back to help eliminate sputum.
- Using nasal sprays
Help your baby breathe easy by using nasal sprays to clean the inside of the nose. Besides, you can use other suction devices to clean the mucus from the stuffy nose of the baby.
- Use cough drops
You should give children over 3 years old candy or cough drops to reduce throat swelling.
When you should contact the doctor
If your baby has at least one of 9 symptoms below, call the doctor immediately:
- Lasting coughing with phlegm
- Rapidly breath
- Sleep too much or abnormal fatigue
- Cannot swallow food and drink water
- Serious headache and throat
- Swelling or severe throat sore that can interfere with swallowing
- Fever of 39.3 degrees Celsius or higher or 38 degrees Celsius lasts more than 1 day
- Chest pain and abdominal pain
- Ear hurt
Like most infectious diseases caused by viruses, the cold continues to follow its usual course. Parents should keep calm and give them plenty of rest, avoid heavy work, drink plenty of water, no caffeine. These simple ways will make your baby feel more comfortable while the body is recovering gradually.
Although colds are very common and are rarely severe, don’t take it for granted even when it happens to adults. The first time it happens, just a common cold, but without good care it is easy to become dangerous.
Lastly, thank you for reading my whole post. If you have any comment, leave it below. Wish you have a good day!
Emma is the founder of ShrewdMommy, where she and associates blog about pregnancy advice, parenting insights, tips for mommy. Those experiences will somehow help you in your search for questions about pregnancy and baby tips.