Weight loss surgery is a sensitive medical procedure that aims to treat patients who are overweight that may endanger their lives, which is also known as weight loss or bariatric surgery. Although this operation may cause drastic weight loss, this is not recommended for patients who wish to do so only for the purpose of beauty, because it can lead to serious risks and complications. This action works by limiting the amount of food that can be consumed by the body by removing a portion of the stomach. This operation is usually done as a last resort, when the acts of non-surgical and surgical others can not lose weight patients.
Who Need To Undergo Surgery Weight Loss and Expected Outcomes ?
According to the Houston medical center that offers the Lap Band, patients who can undergo weight loss surgery are those who meet the following criteria:
• Have a body mass index of 40 or more. For women, this means they have to be overweight by 80 pounds, while the man about 100 pounds.
• Suffering from serious health problems related to their overweight, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, gout, respiratory disorders, and others.
• Have tried other ways to lose weight but to no avail.
• Commit to drastically change their lifestyle after surgery (a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and others).
• Know and understand the risks of weight loss surgery.
How it Works Weight Loss Surgery
Each type of weight loss surgery will be performed by different techniques. Weight loss surgery can be divided into three main types of approaches:
• Operation restrictive – As can be understood from its name, the type of weight loss surgery is intended to limit the body’s ability to consume food; this is done to shrink the size of the stomach. This operation limits the amount of food that can be consumed by the patient, of the normal amount of as much as 3 pints (about 1704 ml) into 2 or 3 ounces. This operation can also slow down the digestive process, so satiety patients can survive longer.
• Operation malabsorption – This type of weight loss surgery aims to change the way the body absorbs food. Such as restrictive surgery, malabsorption surgery can shrink the size of the stomach. However, this operation also raised or bypass certain sections of the digestive tract, so that these operations can also limit the body’s ability to absorb calories. This type of surgery is also known as gastric bypass.
• Installation of electrical appliance – This technique is a relatively new technique that works by blocking the nerve signals from the brain to the stomach. Electrical pulse can help patients keep hunger.
Type of weight loss surgery are:
• Gastric bypass surgery – Gastric bypass is a type of weight loss surgery is the most common technique combines restrictive and malabsorption. This operation aims to create a shortcut from the upper stomach into the lower intestine, without having to pass through the inside of the stomach and small intestine. This operation can prevent the body absorbing too much food nutrients, which can lead to drastic weight loss.
• Clamping Adjusted Gastric – This operation is a type of weight loss surgery that only uses a restrictive technique. This operation is done by installing a clamp that can be pumped and can suppress the stomach become smaller, so that the patient can only consume the amount of food less. This operation is usually more desirable because they lead to smaller scars, faster recovery time, and can be canceled; even when forceps had been installed, patients can ask a doctor to change his position or take it back, if they change their minds. However, the weight loss that happened not too drastic and tongs can also be disconnected or leaking.
• Sleeve Gastrectomy – One type of restrictive surgery, sleeve gastrectomy is surgery to remove about 75% of the patient’s stomach. The remaining part of the stomach is just a small tube connected to the intestine. In some cases, these operations can be immediately successful, but there are also patients who come back will require surgery after 12-18 months. However, this operation is a simple operation and low risk, making it a perfect choice for patients whose weight is very excessive or suffering from diseases that can be very harmful to them when other surgery. The advantage of this operation is an operation does not affect the intestines, so that the body can still absorb the nutrients optimally.